Literacy and Numeracy Framework  (LNF)

The LNF identifies annual literacy and numeracy expectations and will help children develop literacy and numeracy skills through all subjects in the national curriculum and by using a wide range of activities.

All children are supported to develop sound literacy and numeracy skills. These skills are not just about learning English, Welsh and mathematics, they are about being able to use skills in different situations and across a wide range of activities. Literacy describes a set of skills, including speaking, listening, reading and writing, which allow us to make sense of the world around us. Numeracy is based on mathematical basics. Numeracy describes the set of skills needed to tackle real-world problems in a variety of situations by using numerical reasoning to plan how to solve the problem, and then carrying out the mathematical procedures to find the solution. The Literacy and Numeracy Framework identi%uFB01es annual literacy and numeracy expectations and will help children develop literacy and numeracy skills through all subjects in the national curriculum and by using a wide range of activities. This framework is being introduced on a statutory basis to support children aged 5 to 14

What are reading and numeracy tests?

The best way to ensure that learners make good progress is to make sure that they never fall behind. This can only be achieved by regular monitoring and assessment of a learner’s performance and that is why, from May 2013, all learners in Wales in year two through to year nine will sit tests in reading and numeracy. The tests will last for about an hour and they are constructed in such a way that some learners will be able to sit them in “chunks”. This is especially important for younger learners and learners with additional learning needs. Depending on the requirements of individual learners, they can be delivered on a year group, class or small group basis.

Reading Tests

The reading tests will span two year groups (Yr 2 – Yr 3, Yr 4 – Yr 5, Yr 6 – Yr7 and Yr 8 – Yr 9). New tests will be developed for 2014 so no learner will sit the same test twice. The tests will consist of a number of passages followed by short, closed response and multiple choice type questions. However, there will also be optional test materials made available to schools which they can use to further investigate learners’ strengths and weaknesses.

Numeracy Tests

The numeracy test is split into two sections. One section assesses knowledge of numerical procedures such as addition, division and multiplication whilst the other, the reasoning test, assesses learners’ ability to apply this knowledge to everyday problems. In 2013 the numeracy test will assess procedural knowledge only. This will give teachers time to adjust their approach to the teaching of numeracy and will ensure that learners are familiar with the kind of tasks with which they will be presented when they come to sit the reasoning test for the first time in May 2014.

How will the tests be scored?

The tests will be marked in schools and learners’ raw scores will be converted to standardised scores and age-equivalent scores. The standardised score will show how your child’s performance in the test compares to other children of the same age who have sat the test in Wales. The age-equivalent score will tell you whether your child’s reading age (or equivalent for numeracy) is equivalent to, above or below their actual age, based on how he or she performed in the test. You will receive these scores in a report from your child’s school. The scores act as a guide to how your child is performing in reading and numeracy. Your child’s teacher will give a fuller picture of his or her performance in these areas in the end of term report.

A Helping Hand
We will be regularly updating this section with resources/activities and weblinks to help you support your child with literacy and numeracy


We use 'Jolly phonics as part of our teaching o reading in foundation Phase. Click here for more information


 Here are some useful booklets to help your child with mathematics. 

Click on the Year group to see a printable version of the leaflets
Year 2       Year 3   Year 4   Year 5   Year 6